Komodo Island is an island located in the Nusa Tenggara Islands. Komodo Island is known as a habitat for native animal’s dragons. The island is also the Komodo National Park which is managed by the Central Government. Komodo Island is located east of Sumbawa Island, separated by the Sape Strait.
Administratively, this island including the District of Komodo, West Manggarai regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Komodo Island is the westernmost tip of Nusa Tenggara Timur province, bordering the province of West Nusa Tenggara.
On the island of Komodo dragons animals live and breed well. Until August 2009, on this island there are about 1,300 dragons. Coupled with the other islands, like the island of Rinca and Gili Mota, their numbers totaled about 2500 tails. There are also about 100 individuals dragons in Wae Wuul Nature Reserve on the mainland island of Flores but not including the Komodo National Park.
In addition to the Komodo dragon, the island also store the variety of exotic flora Sepang wood by local people used as medicine and dye clothing, tree nitak or sterculia oblongata in believe are useful as medicines and seeds are tasty and delicious like peas.
Komodo Island is also accepted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, because in the Komodo National Park, along with Rinca, Padar and Gili Motang.
In 1910 the Dutch named the island on the south side of East Nusa Tenggara Province is the nickname of Komodo Island. This story begins with Lieutenant Steyn van Hens Broek who tries to prove statements about the presence of Dutch troops large animal resembling a dragon on the island. Steyn then killed a Komodo dragon and bring documentation to the Museum and Botanical Garden in Bogor to be investigated.
In 2009, the Park has been named a finalist of the “New Seven Wonders of Nature” which was announced in 2010 by online voting at www.N7W.com.Pada dated 11 November 2011, the New 7 Wonders has announced the provisional winner and National Parks Komodo entered into the ranks of the winners along with Woods Amazon, Halong bay, Iguazu Falls, Jeju Island, Puerto Princesa Underground River and Table Mountain. Komodo National Park to get the most votes.
Komodo is the world’s largest terrestrial reptiles. These animals include the endangered animals because these animals are endemic animals. Endemic means, these animals live only in certain regions. Komodo only live on an island called Komodo Island, Indonesia. Komodo including the type of carnivorous animal, this animal has the shape of the tongue is slightly elongated and forked at the tip like a snake’s tongue. Research shows that the end of this forked tongue that serves to “taste” food. These animals usually make their nests underground.
Komodo is an animal that is very unique because it has two ways to reproduce. First, by way of fertilization (conception) between a male and a female dragon. This method is a way of sexual reproduction. The second way is through “Parthenogenesis”. This way of making a female dragons become pregnant without going through the process of fertilization. However, “parthenogenesis” lead all the eggs are born through “parthenogenesis” is always going to be dragons sex male. “Parthenogenesis” is expected to work to prevent the extinction of the dragons.
Many people say, the Komodo dragon is a close relative of the dinosaur. It is seen from the discovery of fossils of dinosaurs that shows structural similarities with the dragons body. It is estimated that dragons are one of the many “living fossils” and witness the history of the extinction of the dinosaurs. If this is true, most likely, the reproductive system parthenogenesis is what causes the persistence of this species from extinction. Now, the number of very small population of dragons, and the species has been listed as one of the hundreds of animal species threatened with extinction.