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Travel Guide to Lombok

tanjung aan lombok
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General Information About Lombok

At around 4,514 km² (1,825 sq miles), Lombok is smaller than Bali, and has a wide range of natural attractions and outdoor activities to suit more adventurous travelers. The main tourism areas are in Senggigi on the west coast, the Gili islands off the northwest coast, and Kuta on the south coast.

The beaches surrounding Lombok are pristine, with clean waters bordered by long stretches of sand and usually fringed by coconut palms. The west of the island is especially green and lush, with a series of beautiful bays skirting the entire coastline and the lovely Gili islands within easy reach. The southern coast is even more stunning: long stretches of deserted beaches, cliffs and bays facing a vast ocean that provides some of the best surfing in Indonesia.

Large parts of the island are still heavily forested and embellished with waterfalls, rivers, hills and mountains, providing myriad opportunities for exploration. Dominating north Lombok is a mountain range of 13 peaks, crowned by the magnificent volcano, Gunung Rinjani. To the south, agriculture is the mainstay. Many fields are still tilled using water buffalo and antiquated equipment, and the villages there are timeless.

For those seeking authentic cultural experiences, the ancient traditions of the local Sasak people, largely undisturbed by outside influences, are endlessly fascinating. The Sasak still live in traditional villages, farm, fish and produce handicrafts. Colorful ceremonies, dance and music are an authentic part of local life and not staged for tourists. Lombok pottery, made by hand and fired in simple wood kilns, is exported all over the world, while old weaving, thatching and woodworking techniques are still handed down through the generations.

Lombok may not have the spit and polish of Bali, but it does have the tropical paradise atmosphere which many expect to find on the larger island.

  Places to visit in Lombok Gili Islands

The three Gili islands – Gili Air, Gili Meno and Gili Trawangan – lie just off the northwest coast of Lombok. For years they have attracted visitors from around the world for their pristine waters, great diving and snorkeling, as well as numerous little beach side cafés and funky, laid back charm, with no cars, motorbikes or dogs to disturb the peace. Tropical island aficionados have long considered the Gilis to be on a par with Thailand’s south coast island havens and the coral atolls of the Maldives. Although previously the domain of backpackers and more intrepid travelers, word has got around and the Gili islands now attract a diverse range of visitors, from serious diving enthusiasts to families and couples of all ages.

Rinjani National Park

Rinjani soars some 3,726m (12,224ft) above sea level and is the second highest volcano in Indonesia, attracting thousands of trekkers and climbers annually. The huge crater near the top contains a beautiful crescent-shaped lake, Danau Segara Anak (Child of the Sea Lake). A smaller volcanic cone, Gunung Baru Jari, juts out from one side of the crater. There are a number of caves, small waterfalls and hot springs scattered around the volcano, most important of which is Air Kalak on the northeast of the crater, where the volcanic heated waters are said to cure illnesses, particularly skin diseases. In 2004, the Rinjani Trek won the prestigious World Legacy Award and the volcano is recognized internationally as an important ecotourism destination. The trek, funded by the New Zealand government, has set up a series of programs for climbing the volcano and for trekking in the Rinjani National Park, all of which involve the local communities.

Sports Played in Indonesia

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sasak sade village lombok
Culture Indonesia has about 300 ethnic groups, each with cultural identities developed over centuries, and influenced by Indian, Arabic, Chinese, and European sources. Traditional Javanese and Balinese dances, for example, contain aspects of Hindu culture and mythology, as do wayang kulit (shadow puppet) performances. Textiles such as batik, ikat, ulos and songket are created across Indonesia in styles that vary by region. The Indonesian film industry'spopularity peaked in the 1980s and dominated cinemas in Indonesia, although it declined significantly in the early 1990s. Between 2000 and 2005, the number of Indonesian films released each year has steadily increased. Indonesia holds 6 items UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage

History

Little is known about the Lombok before the seventeenth century. Before this time it was made up of numerous competing and feuding petty states each of which were presided over by a Sasak 'prince'. This disunity was taken advantage of by the neighbouring Balinese who took control of western Lombok in the early seventeenth century. The Makassarese meanwhile invaded eastern Lombok from their colonies in neighbouring Sumbawa. The Dutch had first visited Lombok in 1674 and the Dutch East India Company concluded its first treaty with the Sasak Princess of Lombok. The Balinese had managed to take over the whole island by 1750, but Balinese infighting resulted in the island being split into four feuding Balinese kingdoms. In 1838, the Mataram kingdom brought its rivals under control.

Relations between the Sasak and Balinese in western Lombok were largely harmonious and intermarriage was common. In the island's east, however, relations were less cordial and the Balinese maintained control from garrisoned forts. While Sasak village government remained in place, the village head became little more than a tax collector for the Balinese. Villagers became a kind of serf and Sasak aristocracy lost much of its power and land holdings.

 
During one of the many Sasak peasant rebellions against the Balinese, Sasak chiefs sent envoys to the Dutch in Bali and invited them to rule Lombok. In June 1894, the governor general of the Dutch East Indies, Van der Wijck, signed a treaty with Sasak rebels in eastern Lombok. He sent a large army to Lombok and the Balinese raja capitulated to Dutch demands.(see Dutch intervention in Lombok) The younger princes however overruled the raja and attacked and routed the Dutch. The Dutch counterattacked overrunning Mataram and the raja surrendered. The entire island was annexed to the Netherlands East Indies in 1895. The Dutch ruled over Lombok's 500,000 people with a force of no more than 250 by cultivating the support of the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy. The Dutch are remembered in Lombok as liberators from Balinese hegemony.

During World War II a Japanese invasion force comprising elements of the 2nd Southern Expeditionary Fleet invaded and occupied the Lesser Sunda Islands, including the island of Lombok. They sailed from Soerabaja harbour at 09:00 hrs on 8 March 1942 and proceeded towards Lombok Island. On 9 May 1942 at 17:00 hrs the fleet sailed into port of Ampenan on Lombok Island. The Dutch defenders were soon defeated and the island occupied.

Following the cessation of hostilities the Japanese forces occupying Indonesia were withdrawn and Lombok returned temporarily to Dutch control. Following the subsequent Indonesian independence from the Dutch, the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy continued to dominate Lombok. In 1958, the island was incorporated into the province of West Nusa Tenggara with Mataram becoming the provincial capital. Mass killings of communists occurred across the island following the abortive coup attempt in Jakarta and Central Java. During President Suharto's New Order administration, Lombok experienced a degree of stability and development but not to the extent of the boom and wealth in Java and Bali. Crop failures led to famine in 1966 and food shortages in 1973. The national government's transmigrasi program moved a lot of people out of Lombok. The 1980s saw external developers and speculators instigate a nascent tourism boom although local's share of earnings was limited. Indonesia's political and economic crises of the late 1990s hit Lombok hard. In January 2000, riots broke out across Mataram with Christians and ethnic Chinese the main victims, with alleged agents provocateur from outside Lombok. Tourism slumped, but in recent years has seen a renewed growth.

Expansion of Srivijayan empire, started in Palembang in 7th century, expanding throughout Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Java, Cambodia, and receded as Dharmasraya in the 13th century.

Hinduism and Mahayana Buddhism arrived in Indonesia in the 4th and 5th century, as trade with India intensified under the southern Indian Pallava dynasty. This is evidenced in the Kutai, Tarumanagara, and Kantoli kingdoms of the period. From the 7th century to early 11th, the powerful Srivijaya naval kingdom become a hegemon in Southeast Asia and flourished as a result of trade and the influences of Hinduism and Buddhism that were imported with it. Srivijaya's main foreign interest was nurturing lucrative trade agreements with China which continued from the Tang dynasty to the Song dynasty. Srivijaya had religious, cultural and trade links with the Buddhist Pala Empire of Bengal, as well as with the Islamic Caliphate in the Middle East. The necessity to maintain its trade monopoly had led the empire to launch naval military expeditions against rival ports in Southeast Asia and to absorb them into Srivijaya's sphere of influence. The port of Malayu in Jambi, Kota Kapur in Bangka island, Tarumanagara and the port of Sunda in West Java, Kalingga in Central Java, the port of Kedah and Chaiya in Malay peninsula are among the regional ports that were absorbed within Srivijayan sphere of influence. A series of Javan-Srivijaya raids on the ports of Champa and Cambodia was also part of its effort to maintain its monopoly in the region by sacking its rival ports. After the invasion by Rajendra Chola I the king of the Chola Empire from Koromandel, authority of Srivijaya over the islands of Sumatera and the Malay Peninsula weakened. Some time later came a new dynasty that took over the role of Sailendra Dynasty, called by the name of Mauli dynasty. Mauli dynasty of Malay kings that rules Dharmasraya kingdom, centred in Batanghari river system. In later period of the kingdom's capital shifted inland upstream of Batanghari to Dharmasraya and later moved further inland toPagaruyung.

Between the 8th and 10th centuries, the agricultural Buddhist Sailendra and Hindu Mataram dynasties thrived and declined in inland Java, leaving grand religious monuments such as Sailendra's Borobudur and Mataram's Prambanan. The Hindu Majapahit kingdom was founded in eastern Java in the late 13th century, and under Gajah Mada, its influence stretched over much of Indonesia. The founder of the Majapahit, Kertarajasa, was the son-in-law of the ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, also based in Java. After Singhasari drove Srivijaya out of Java in 1290, the rising power of Singhasari came to the attention of Kublai Khanin China and he sent emissaries demanding tribute. Kertanagara, ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, refused to pay tribute and the Khan sent a punitive expedition which arrived off the coast of Java in 1293. By that time, a rebel from Kediri, Jayakatwang, had killed Kertanagara. The Majapahit founder allied himself with the Mongols against Jayakatwang and, once the Singhasari kingdom was destroyed, turned and forced his Mongol allies to withdraw in confusion. After its peak in the 14th century, Majapahit power began to decline and was unable to control the rising power of the Sultanate of Malacca. Dates for the end of the Majapahit kingdom range from 1478 to 1520. A large number of courtiers, artisans, priests, and members of the royal family moved east to the island of Bali at the end of Majapahit power.

Lombok Nightlife

 

Popular Bars in Lombok

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Rajavilla Lombok Resort Lombok Indonesia

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Welcome to Rajavilla Lombok Resort, The Majesty of Lombok. Located in the famous Senggigi area, the Resort enjoys stunning views

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lombok sendang gile

5D4N Lombok Explore 09 Jun 2019 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$399.00
This 5-day tour to Lombok encapsulates the wide variety of attractions the island has to offer. You will visit Lombok’s
lombok gili

Explore Lombok & Gili 25 Dec 2015 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$329.00
  • Explore Authentic Sasak Village
  • Enjoy Kute Beach
  • Picturesque of 3 Gilis from Malimbu
  • snorkeling on blue corals Gili
gili island lombok

Explore Romantic Gili 10 Dec 2017 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$315.00
  • Island-hopping on outrigger boat
  • Fresh seafood for lunch
  • Visit the three idyllic atolls of the main Gilis
  • Discover uninhabited islets for a taste of having your own private beach
  • Enjoy snorkle and swim in clear turquoise water with abundant tropical fish
lombok tanjung aan

Explore Sasak Village & Kute 26 Jun 2018 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$20.00
  • Explore Authentic Sasak Village
  • Visit authentic Banyumulek Village
  • Enjoy Kute Beach
  • relaxing at stunning Tanjung Aan beach situated on a bay near Kuta Beach

GILI ASAHAN 17 Nov 2018 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$60.00
GILI ASAHAN   Gili Asahan, Gili Rengit and Gili Layar are secluded islands in the southwest region of Lombok, near

Gili Petagan-Kapal-Pasir-Bidara 17 Nov 2018 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$60.00
GILI TIMUK What to expect The southeastern corner of Lombok is an area filled with many hidden treasures. For intrepid
lombok tanjung aan

Lombok Gili Honeymoon Package 11 Apr 2019 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$449.00
This 5-day tour to Lombok encapsulates the wide variety of attractions the island has to offer. You will visit Lombok’s
lombok traditional market

Lombok Heritage 22 Dec 2017 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$45.00
  • Discover the legacy of Hindu Balinese Kingdom in Lombok
  • Experience the hustle and bustle at Mandalika Market
  • Witness the harmony between Hindu Bali Lombok and Islam Sasak Lombok
  • Discover how law and order were enforced during the reign of Old Balinese Kingdom
lombok sendang gile
per person$69.00
  • Discover the age-old Sasak culture, traditions and beliefs at a traditional village
  • Visit a rustic local village of Senaru, nestled at the base of the highest mountain in Lombok
  • Visit the most famous waterfall in Lombok and feel the refreshing mist touch your skin
  • Subtle rice terraces of Lombok
gili lombok

Lombok-Gili 3D2N 19 Mar 2019 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$175.00
Lombok and Gili is a Paradise for both Mountain and Beaches enthusiast and also well-know for its own Sasak Culture. Because Lombok packs many interesting attractions into a relatively small area of land, therefore this trip will take you to some of Lombok’s most captivating sights, from the lush green inland and its cascading waterfalls, to monkey forests and spectacular cliff-top views of sunset over the ocean.

Mount Rinjani Trekking Lombok 21 Feb 2016 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$415.00
  • Rinjani trekking tour is only recommended to the participants in good physical health
  • Good shoes are a must for this trip.
  • Hot spring visit, swimming, fishing or relaxing
  • Overnight in a tent