A Temple on Bratan Lake Bedugul Bali
Ulun Danu Beratan Temple is a sacred place of Hindus which is located at the tip of Lake Beratan in the tourist area of Bedugul, Candikuning village, district Baturiti, Tabanan regency, Bali. It is approximately 56 km away from Denpasar city by passing the main Road Denpasar – Singaraja.
Ulun Danu Bratan is a Hindu holy temple which is very well known on the island of Bali and the Bratan Temple will look like floatig on the Lake.
History of Ulun Danu Beratan Temple
The History of Ulun Danu Bratan Temple was found based on archaeological data and historical data contained in the Chronicle ejection of Mengwi. Based on archaeological data which are located in front of Ulun Danu Bedugul, there are relics of historic objects like a stone sarcophagus and stone boards were thought to have existed since the megalithic age, about 500 years before Christ.
Both artifacts are now placed in the courtyard terrace (babaturan) of Ulun Danu Temple. Ulun Danu Beratan Temple has been used as a place to hold a ritual since the era of megalithic tradition in the island of the gods.
Based on the Babad Mengwi, I Gusti Agung Putu as the founder of the kingdom of Mengwi had established a temple at the far end of the lake Beratan before he founded the temple Taman Ayun, not described in the papyrus chronicle of Mengwi when is the exact time he founded Ulun Danu Beratan, but described the establishment Taman Ayun temple and the ceremony on the day Anggara POND Medangsia, Caka year 1556 (1634 AD).
Based on the description of the Mengwi chronicle known Ulun Danu Bratan established before the Saka year 1556 by I Gusti Agung Putu. Since the establishment of the temple, the royal Mengwi be peaceful and prosperous, and the community was dubbed him “I Gusti Agung Sakti”
Ulun Danu Beratan complex consists of 5 temples and one Buddhist Stupa:
Penataran can be seen when passing Bentar Temple (Gate separately) to Beratan. This temple serves to praise the greatness of God in His manifestation as Tri Purusha Shiva, those are Shiva, Sada Shiva and Parama Shiva to invoke the grace of fertility, prosperity, human well-being, and for the balance of the universe.
Pura Dalem Purwa
Inside the temple, there are three main shrines; Pelinggih Dalem Purwa as a place to worship the Goddess Durga and Lord Rudra who is revered as a source of prosperity, Bale murda Manik (Bale Pemaruman) as a place for parum / meeting / discussion, and Bale length as a place for laying ceremony means of offerings. Shrines in this temple faced east south situated on the edge of Lake Beratan.
Pura Taman Beji
This temple serves to Ngebejiang ceremony (purification ceremony for all ceremonial equipments) and to ask for Tirta (holy water). At Taman Beji also serves as a place for Melasti (Purification Ceremony by Hindus in Bali) for the community around and the locals.
Pura Lingga Petak
Pura Lingga Petak (Ulun Danu Bratan) is believed to be the main source of fertility water from Lake Beratan. There are two shrines here which are pelinggih which has eleven Roof (Pelinggih Meru Solas) facing toward the south, and shrines have three Roof (Pelinggih Meru telu), each of which his doors facing the four corners of the cardinal directions.
Pura Prajapati is located under a large banyan tree, the temple serves as a Palace of Goddess Durga. This shrine facing westward and became the first temple in view after passing the point of purchase admission tickets before entering the area of the lake Bratan.
In the area of Ulun Danu Bratan, there is also a Buddhist Stupa. This stupa signifies the harmony in religious life. This Buddhist stupa facing south located outside of the main area of the complex Ulun Danu Beratan.