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Travel guide to Bali Island

General Information About Bali

With an area of ​​just 5561 km2, Bali is one of the political islands of the Indonesian archipelago. From the large neighboring island of Java in the west, Bali runs through the Bali Strait, which is only 2.2 km away and 50 m deep. In the east, the 35 km ready and 300 m deep Lombok road separates Bali from its central neighboring island Lombok. The population of Bali (4.5 millionen inhabitants) consists of 90% Hindus, which means that there is a certain relationship between the predominantly Muslim island archipelago.

Bali has few names; Island of the Gods, Tomorrow of the World or The Soul of Asia and The Island of thousand Temples. For the deeply religious Balinese, every aspect of life is governed by ancient rituals, and shrines with offerings to the gods are seen everywhere throughout the island.

Bali is renowned worldwide for its magnificent beaches, amazing rice terraces, picturesque temples, arts and crafts, and for the colorful Hindu-Buddhist culture of the Balinese people. Bali is both a paradise and a playground; home to a whole host of activities, adventures, stories and magical secrets just waiting to be explored. It is not only for sustenance of the body, but also for the mind and spirit. Bali is a heavenly destination for holidays.

Those who really need to discover the Balinese culture just have to step outside the door. Offerings lying on the narrow streets ready for the demons, in a better position there are also better for the gods. This temple in various forms is waiting to be explored. Not only the one-year architecture, but also detailed relief work with an abundance of motifs and the many traditional dances make visitors amazed. On a trip across the island, you will often go to festive processions and come across elaborately divorced temple complexes, which thanks to the growing life, there is something to be heard every day. Religion and everyday life are directly connected, the Balinese culture is still alive and will continue to be and can also be experienced by tourists every day.

 

Indonesia Culture and History

Culture Indonesia has about 300 ethnic groups, each with cultural identities developed over centuries, and influenced by Indian, Arabic, Chinese, and European sources. Traditional Javanese and Balinese dances, for example, contain aspects of Hindu culture and mythology, as do wayang kulit (shadow puppet) performances. Textiles such as batik, ikat, ulos and songket are created across Indonesia in styles that vary by region. The Indonesian film industry'spopularity peaked in the 1980s and dominated cinemas in Indonesia, although it declined significantly in the early 1990s. Between 2000 and 2005, the number of Indonesian films released each year has steadily increased. Indonesia holds 6 items UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage

History

Pre-historical era

Fossils and the remains of tools show that the Indonesian archipelago was inhabited by Homo erectus, popularly known as "Java Man", between 1.5 million years ago and as recently as 35,000 years ago. Homo sapiens reached the region by around 45,000 years ago. In 2011 evidence was uncovered in neighbouring East Timor showing that 42,000 years ago these early settlers were catching and consuming large numbers of big deep sea fish such as tuna, and that they had the technology needed to make ocean crossings to reach Australia and other islands. Austronesian peoples, who form the majority of the modern population, migrated to South East Asia from Taiwan. They arrived in Indonesia around 2000 BCE, and as they spread through the archipelago, pushed the indigenous Melanesian peoples to the far eastern regions. Ideal agricultural conditions, and the mastering of wet-field rice cultivation as early as the 8th century BCE, allowed villages, towns, and small kingdoms to flourish by the 1st century CE. Indonesia's strategic sea-lane position fostered inter-island and international trade, including links with Indian kingdoms and China, which were established several centuries BCE. Trade has since fundamentally shaped Indonesian history. In the mid first millennium A.D, Indonesian trader ships to Madagascar as well as eastern coast of Africa.

Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms era

Expansion of Srivijayan empire, started in Palembang in 7th century, expanding throughout Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Java, Cambodia, and receded as Dharmasraya in the 13th century.
Hinduism and Mahayana Buddhism arrived in Indonesia in the 4th and 5th century, as trade with India intensified under the southern Indian Pallava dynasty. This is evidenced in the Kutai, Tarumanagara, and Kantoli kingdoms of the period. From the 7th century to early 11th, the powerful Srivijaya naval kingdom become a hegemon in Southeast Asia and flourished as a result of trade and the influences of Hinduism and Buddhism that were imported with it. Srivijaya's main foreign interest was nurturing lucrative trade agreements with China which continued from the Tang dynasty to the Song dynasty. Srivijaya had religious, cultural and trade links with the Buddhist Pala Empire of Bengal, as well as with the Islamic Caliphate in the Middle East. The necessity to maintain its trade monopoly had led the empire to launch naval military expeditions against rival ports in Southeast Asia and to absorb them into Srivijaya's sphere of influence. The port of Malayu in Jambi, Kota Kapur in Bangka island, Tarumanagara and the port of Sunda in West Java, Kalingga in Central Java, the port of Kedah and Chaiya in Malay peninsula are among the regional ports that were absorbed within Srivijayan sphere of influence. A series of Javan-Srivijaya raids on the ports of Champa and Cambodia was also part of its effort to maintain its monopoly in the region by sacking its rival ports. After the invasion by Rajendra Chola I the king of the Chola Empire from Koromandel, authority of Srivijaya over the islands of Sumatera and the Malay Peninsula weakened. Some time later came a new dynasty that took over the role of Sailendra Dynasty, called by the name of Mauli dynasty. Mauli dynasty of Malay kings that rules Dharmasraya kingdom, centred in Batanghari river system. In later period of the kingdom's capital shifted inland upstream of Batanghari to Dharmasraya and later moved further inland toPagaruyung. Between the 8th and 10th centuries, the agricultural Buddhist Sailendra and Hindu Mataram dynasties thrived and declined in inland Java, leaving grand religious monuments such as Sailendra's Borobudur and Mataram's Prambanan. The Hindu Majapahit kingdom was founded in eastern Java in the late 13th century, and under Gajah Mada, its influence stretched over much of Indonesia. The founder of the Majapahit, Kertarajasa, was the son-in-law of the ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, also based in Java. After Singhasari drove Srivijaya out of Java in 1290, the rising power of Singhasari came to the attention of Kublai Khanin China and he sent emissaries demanding tribute. Kertanagara, ruler of the Singhasari kingdom, refused to pay tribute and the Khan sent a punitive expedition which arrived off the coast of Java in 1293. By that time, a rebel from Kediri, Jayakatwang, had killed Kertanagara. The Majapahit founder allied himself with the Mongols against Jayakatwang and, once the Singhasari kingdom was destroyed, turned and forced his Mongol allies to withdraw in confusion. After its peak in the 14th century, Majapahit power began to decline and was unable to control the rising power of the Sultanate of Malacca. Dates for the end of the Majapahit kingdom range from 1478 to 1520. A large number of courtiers, artisans, priests, and members of the royal family moved east to the island of Bali at the end of Majapahit power.

Bali Nightlife

Bali is one of the islands in Indonesia that is very attractive, because it simply has everything to offer, it was the tourist that says: varied and spectacular natural landscapes, a global unique, lively culture and long sandy beaches with their own relationships.

Popular Bars in Bali

L’Open Café
17, Rue des Archives - 75004 Paris Tel. : +33 (0) 1 42 72 26 18
Bliss Kfé
30, Rue du Roi de Sicile - 75004 Paris Tel. : +33 (0) 1 42 78 49 36
L’Oiseau bariolé
16, Rue Sainte Croix Bretonnerie - 75004 Paris Tel. : +33 (0) 6 10 38 46 51
Le Cox
15, Rue des Archives - 75004 Paris Tel. : +33 (0) 1 42 72 26 18

Famous Clubs in Bali

Six-Seven
65-67, Rue Pierre Charron - 75008 Paris Tel. : +33 (0) 1 58 56 20 50
VIP room
76, Avenue des Champs-Elysées - 75008 Paris Tel. : +33 (0) 1 56 69 16 66
Le Baron
6, Avenue Marceau - 75008 Paris Tel. : +33 (0) 1 47 20 04 01
Le Latina Café
114, Avenue des Champs Elysées- 75008 Paris Tel. : +33 (0) 1 42 89 98 89

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bali rani hotel

Bali Rani Hotel Bali Indonesia

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If your idea of Bali is all about fun, shopping, beach and great dining… then Bali Rani is where you

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Grand Inna Kuta
Bali Indonesia

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Located on the white sandy beach of Kuta with its beautiful sunsets, Grand Inna Kuta offers direct access  to the

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hotel st regis bali

St. Regis Bali
Bali Indonesia

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Residing on the finest white sand beach in the enclave of Nusa Dua, The St. Regis Bali Resort affords unsurpassed

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the westin resort nusa dua
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Be at Your Best at The Westin Resort Nusa Dua, Bali Nestled on a white sandy beach on Bali’s southern

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ubud tegalalang rice terraces

Bali Art and Nature 26 Jun 2018 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$55.00
  • Barong Dance performance
  • Holy spring Tirta Empul
  • Stunning view to Mount Batur
  • Tegalalang Rice terraces
  • Art works in Ubud
bali rice terrace

Bali Authentic Tour 12 Apr 2018 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$265.00
  • Visit the local markets
  • Explore the north west of Bali
  • Living in Balinese's House
  • Interact with the local Family
Tanah lot bali tour

Bali Combination Package tours 25 Jan 2016 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$795.00
  • Explore Ubud surroundings
  • Discover the Authentic of Bali daily life
  • Visit Besakih, the biggest temple on the island
  • Cycling in Ubud
jatiluwih rice paddy cycling bali tour

Bali Cycling Tour in Jatiluwih 26 Jan 2016 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$75.00
  • Discover the Jatiluwih Village
  • Visit the most famous landscape that are both dramatic and truly exotic
  • Cycling throughout the UNESCO Cultural Heritage site of Jatiluwih Rice terraces
  • Visit Balinese House
batur cycling bali tour

Bali Cycling Tour Kintamani-Ubud 27 Feb 2016 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$45.00
  • Best part of cycling in Bali
  • Paddle through the rural area
  • Enjoy cool fresh are of Kintamani
  • Paddling down to Ubud
bali rice terrace

Bali Highlights Package 24 Dec 2015 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$659.00
  • Visit the most wonderful Temple
  • Enjoy the Panorama of Batur Volcano
  • interacting with acting people
  • Enjoy the wonderful sunset
Besakih Temple

Bali Highlights Tour 07 May 2018 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$65.00
  • Kertagosa Hall of Justice
  • Silver art works in Celuk
  • Besakih Temple
  • Kintamani
  • Gunung Kawi Tempel Sebatu
rafting ubud bali tour

Bali Rafting Ayung River Ubud 25 Jun 2020 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$35.00
  • Get ready to roar in Ayung River
  • Exhilarating Rafting throughout the Ayung River
  • Enjoy Ubud Nature
  • Observe rural Balinese people in day life along the Riverbanks
monkey forest ubud

Bali temple and Culture 25 Jan 2016 - 31 Dec 9999

per person$389.00
  • Spectacular Barong Dance Performance
  • Visit Bali historical Temples Besakih
  • Discover the Authentic of Bali daily life
  • Explore Ubud surroundings