Taman Ayun Temple is located in the village of Mengwi, Badung regency, about 18 km to the west of Denpasar. This temple is very beautiful, in accordance with its name, which means temple in a beautiful garden. In addition to the Beauty, Pura Taman Ayun is also considered to have historical value, so that in 2002 the local government of Bali to propose to UNESCO that the temple was included in the World Heritage List.
Taman Ayun Temple is a Mother Temple (Paibon) for Mengwi kingdom. This temple was built by King Mengwi, I Gusti Agung Putu, in 1556 Saka (1634 AD). At the beginning, I Gusti Agung Putu build a temple in the northern village of Mengwi place to worship their ancestors. The temple called Taman Genter. When Mengwi has developed into a great Empire, I Gusti Agung Putu move eastward Genter Park and expand the building. Pura has expanded the inaugurated as Pura Taman Ayun on Tuesday kliwon-Medangsia fourth month of 1556 Saka. Until now, every Tuesday kliwon wuku Medangsia according to Balinese Calendar, in this temple held Piodalan (ceremony) to celebrate the anniversary of the founding of this Temple.
Pura Taman Ayun has undergone several improvements. Repair massively implemented in 1937. In 1949 implemented revisions to the kori agung, gate moment, and manufacture wantilan great. The third improvement in 1972 and the last in 1976.
Taman Ayun temple complex occupies an area of 100 x 250 m2, composed of the outer courtyard and three inner court, which increasingly into higher location. Outer court called Jaba, located on the outer side of the pond. From the outer court, there is a bridge across the pond, leading to a Welcome gate.
The gate is the entrance to the inner court surrounded by a stone fence. At the entrance to the bridge and in front of the gate there is a pair of giant statues. To the left of the driveway, not far from the gate, there is a kind of building a small substation for guards. In this first page that there is a wantilan (sort pendapa) used for the ceremony as well as Cockfighting arena carried out in connection with the implementation of a temple ceremony.
The court in the first as split by the road to the gate which is the entrance to the court in the second. On the southwest side there is a round bale, which is where to have a rest while enjoying the beauty of the temple. In the next round bale contained a pond filled with lotus and in its center stands an obelisk that emits water to nine cardinal directions. In the east, there are a bunch of small temple called Pura Luhuring Purnama.
Just down the road that divides the first courtyard there is a gate to the court of the second. The court of higher position than the court first. Right across from the gate, there is a barrier built, decorated with reliefs depict 9 guardian deity of the wind direction. In the east, there is a small temple called Pura Dalem Bekak. In the west corner there is a hall whose roof towering Kulkul.